Basidiomycetes explained click here!

Examples of some British Species

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Sulphur Tuft
Hypholoma fasciculare

This fungus is well named for the bright sulphur-yellow caps. The gills are also sulphur yellow initially.

Habitat: This is a very common species which grows in tufts on the rotting wood of deciduous  and coniferous trees. It can be found all year.




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Honey Fungus
Armillaria mellea

The fruiting bodies are very variable, 6 - 15cm high. The caps are almost smooth and bright honey yellow to greenish yellow. This species can be a serious parasite of woodland trees, causing great economic damage. The fungus spreads by means of rhizomorphs or 'bootlaces'. These are black cables of collections of hyphae.

Habitat: coniferous and deciduous woodland




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Fly Agaric
Amanita muscaria

This is a poisonous species. The red cap is covered with white pyramidal warts which may get washed off by rain.

Habitat: with birch trees and occasionally in pine woods. The fruiting bodies are found late summer to late autumn. They may be found in 'fairy rings'.



(image courtesy of Bernard Walker)






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Parasol Mushroom
Lepiota procera

This is a large mushroom, up to 45cm high and with a cap of 10-25cm in diameter.

Habitat: in open woods and fields. Fruiting bodies can be found through summer and late autumn.




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Shaggy Ink Cap
Coprinus comatus

Spores are produced on crowded gills. These soon break down to produce a dripping black inky fluid which contains the spores.

In the shaggy ink cap, the cap surface breaks down into large white shaggy brown-tipped scales. The fruiting body is 5 - 15 cm high.

Habitat: In grass, on rubbish heaps, on disturbed soil. It is common late summer to autumn.




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Porcelain Fungus
Oudemansiella mucida

The cap is pale grey to white, with a translucent sheen. It is slimy. The gills are white.

Habitat: almost exclusively on the stems of Beech trees. They are often in clusters high up. They are can be found late summer to late autumn.